Desert tortoises need adoptive homes
PHOENIX — It’s a rainy morning when tortoises at the Adobe Mountain Wildlife Center are taken from their dens for health evaluations. The sleepy, muddy creatures might not be too happy with the wake-up call, but any indignities are preparing them for a new chapter in their long lives.
After a quick bath to get the mud off, they are ready for a checkup that includes looking for parasites or diseases, as well as any abnormalities in the eyes, ears, nose or throat.
The evaluations will prepare these tortoises for the Arizona Game and Fish Department’s annual Tortoise Adoption Program, set to begin April 1.
Desert tortoises are protected and can’t be collected from the wild, but many wind up with Game and Fish because of breeding among captive tortoises or because owners can no longer care for them. That commitment can last from 50 to 100 years, given the lifespan of desert tortoises.
Jay Johnson, owner of Arizona Exotic Animal Hospital, volunteered his time to the cause. He often works with desert tortoises, helping out agencies like Game and Fish.
“Desert tortoises are probably the animal that’s closest to my heart, and I grew up around them, I’ve always had them,” Johnson said. “This is a way I can give back to them both in captivity and in the wild. What we want to do is make sure all of the tortoises that they are adopting out to people are healthy.”
One had a dent in its shell, though Johnson noted that it had healed.
“Something crushed it, so it may have been hit by a car. There’s documented cases where cattle stepped on them, stuff like that,” he said. “But it healed and he survived.”
Johnson checked approximately 70 tortoises, all in various stages of growth and age. Individual boxes prevented the tortoises from contacting each other and potentially sharing diseases.
Those diseases are part of the reason that the creatures can’t simply be released into the wild. Tegan Wolf, tortoise adoption specialist for Game and Fish, said releasing tortoises born in captivity would put wild tortoises at risk.
“Captive tortoises can harbor an illness that we can’t see — for example, upper respiratory disease,” she said. “It could kill off a bunch of our wild tortoises.”
And even if a captive tortoise is healthy, there’s no way to tell whether it could survive in the wild.
“It’s kind of the same with any reptile: If you don’t know where it originally came from, and if you release it to a place it’s not familiar with, there’s a big chance that it’s going to die,” Wolf said.
That’s where people like Scottsdale resident Warren Wen come in. Wen, who said he has loved tortoises and turtles since he was young, created a habit at his home for five adopted desert tortoises.
Adoptive homes must offer burrows for tortoises to escape extreme temperatures, as well as enclosed areas for them to roam..
Wen said tortoises are easy to take care of and perfect pets for those with busy schedules. All one needs to offer is vegetation such as native plants and Bermuda grass, which he said they love to eat.
Last year, 45 of the 60 available tortoises were adopted, and this year’s group is expected to be around 100. Those that aren’t adopted will be available next year.